Instructions to Authors/Contributors


Authors are requested to read the following information carefully, particularly the instructions for style and format of manuscripts, before submitting material for publication.

The International Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism welcomes original contributions in all fields of diabetes mellitus and metabolism from all over the world. Categories of papers accepted for publication include the following: Review, original, Methodological, Commentary, Short and Case Reports, Letter to the Editor:

Original Papers: Reports on original research, up to 6,000 words in length, with no more than 8 tables or illustrations. When relevant, authors must include a statement on the ethical aspects of their research. If patient data are used or animal work was carried out, the name of the local ethics or animal welfare committee must be stated. The paper should be divided under the following headings: (a) Abstract, (b) Introduction, (c) Materials (or Patients) and Methods, (d) Results, (e) Discussion, (f) Acknowledgements, (g) References. The abstract should set out briefly what was done and the principal findings, in terms that clinicians and scientists in other specialties would readily understand. The introduction should mainly answer the question: why was this work done? - and should introduce already published work performed on similar lines.

Short reports and Case reports: Up to 1000 words in length, with no more than 3 tables or illustrations and 10 references. Reports in this category include: Reports on a new diagnostic techniques or operative procedures, single case reports, preliminary reports on research work, or suggested topics and advice for research. Single case reports should be divided as follows: (a) Abstract, (b) Case Report, (c) Comments (d) Acknowledgment.

Letters to the Editor & Book reviews: : Should not exceed 400 words in length. Letters may include 1 illustration or table and up to 3 references. Reviewed books or monographs should be of a wide general interest.

Review articles and Editorials: The editors welcome review articles and editorials on timely issues in all areas of diabetes and metabolism. Normally, the editorials are solicited for by the editors.

Manuscript Preparation
copies of each manuscript should be submitted (if sent by surface mail). A covering letter should accompany each manuscript. The International Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism does not accept papers that have been published previously, except in abstract form

The manuscript should be typed on A4 (21 x 30 cm) paper, double-spaced throughout, preferably using a Microsoft Word processor. The paper should be accompanied by a diskette (if not sent electronically by e-mail). Section headings should be in capitals. There should be a minimum margin of 3 cm all round. All pages should be numbered and legends to figures and all references should be typewritten (double-spaced) on separate sheets. All tables should be on separate sheets and clearly numbered and titled. Case reports and clinical data should be presented briefly and with relevance to the study. Avoid repetition. Discussion should be strictly limited to the results presented. Exhaustive lists of references should be avoided.

Title Page
The title page should include the following elements in the following order:
Title of the paper. The title should be short and concise with no subtitles or non-standard abbreviations
Author(s) names with full first and last names (without qualifications)
Running title: A short title of no more than 46 characters (including spaces)
Corresponding author: The name, postal address, facsimile number and e-mail address of the author to whom editorial communications are to be made.
Funding: Information on institutional or corporate fund¬ing sources and acknowledgments of any kind should be included in the bottom of the first page.
Acknowledgments should normally be restricted to persons who have substantially contributed to the material of the report or the preparation of the paper. Authors should obtain, from the person(s) thanked, approval for the content and wording of the acknowledgment.

Abstract Page
The abstract (less than 250 word) should be typed on a separated sheet and present the most important results and conclusions.
Key words: Up to six key words taken from the Index Medicus (Medical Subject Headings).

Introduction Section
The Introduction should give enough but concise information to understand the nature of the problem or the hypothesis that is addressed. The Introduction should end with a clear statement of the aims of the study. Few references may be needed to support the information given, it is generally enough to cite recent reviews.

Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section contains all the necessary information that would enable the experimental observations to be replicated independently in another laboratory.

The Results section describes what has been observed in the course of the experiment. The section is not the place for speculating about the implications of the results or for contrasting with previous findings. Some explanation may be needed to link the outcome of one experiment to the design of the next, but this should be kept to the minimum compatible with sense and fluency. The text should be understandable in itself, while the figures amplify and illustrate the content of the text. Each figure cited in the Result section should be essentially self-contained, with a legend that is concise, yet sufficient to enable the reader to understand the importance of the figure.

The Discussion is where the authors interpret their observations, and place them in the context of other published work. Author(s) should use the Discussion to highlight those outcomes of the study that are clear and which significantly advance our knowledge or understanding. These will normally relate to the aims of the study as described in the Introduction. Authors are traditionally allowed some freedom to speculate, but are not encouraged to discuss the implications of differences that are not significant, or to speculate on why differences were not significant. Reference to unpublished data is discouraged. Personal communications should be cited sparingly, and only with the explicit consent of the person cited.

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention in the abstract and again in the main text and used consistently thereafter.

Units of Scientific Measurement and Nomenclature
All measurements should be expressed in SI units. Wherever drugs are referred to, it is preferable to use generic (non-proprietary) rather than trade names. Numbers less than 10 should be spelled out in words; numbers greater than 10 may be written in Arabic numerals.

Manuscripts should be written in English, in accordance with the Oxford English

References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The title of the journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Avoid using abstracts as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as "in press "; authors should provide verification that they have been accepted for publication. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source.

Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific articles, authors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication.
Journal articles
Obineche EN, Adem A. Update in Diabetic Nephropathy. Int J Diabetes Metab 2005; 13: 1-9

Articles in books
Bourque CW, Oliet SHR. Mechanosensitive ion channels and osmoreception in magnocellular neurosecretory neurons. In: Saito T, Kurokawa K, Yoshida S, eds. Neurohypophysis: Recent Progress of Vasopressin and Oxytocin Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1995: 205-213.

All photographs should be glossy prints, unmounted and untrimmed, and not larger than 12.5x17.5 cm. The "top" of the photographs must be indicated on the reverse of the print, lightly in pencil. Each print should be clearly identified by a figure number. All legends to figures should be typed on a separate sheet.

Colour reproduction
Colour illustrations may only be accepted after prior consultation with the Editor-in-Chief, and only if the colours add materially to the value of the illustration. The author will bear any cost incurred in lieu of the inclusion of the colour illustration. Graphs or drawings must be of high quality made out in Indian ink or by computer graphics.

Proofs and Reprints
Following acceptance of an article, the manuscript will be prepared for printing and, if heavily edited, a "type-proof" will be forwarded to the first-named author for approval. If not, a "galley proof" will be forwarded. Proofs must be returned within 48 hours, or else they will go to press without author approval. Proof corrections must be kept to the minimum. A pdf of the article will be forwarded to the corresponding author.

Check List of Prepared Manuscripts
The following check list may be found useful for authors in the preparation of manuscripts (incomplete manuscripts will be returned to authors for re-submission):

1. Covering letter
2. Original typescript of Article
a. Title page
    Title of article
    Full names(s) of author(s)
    Author to whom correspondence is to be sent
b. Abstract (double-spaced) with key words
c. Article proper (double-spaced)
d. References (double-spaced)
e. Tables (double-spaced)
f. Legends to figures (double-spaced)
g. Illustrations (properly labelled)
3. Permission to reproduce published material (if any)
4. Two additional copies of the manuscript including illustrations.
5. Diskette containing electronic file of the article (if not sent by e-mail).
6. “In Press” letters, where relevant.


arwlt.gif (183 bytes)